{Obtaining Hartree-Fock and density functional theory doubly excited states with Car-Parrinello density matrix search}

Citation:

Liang, W., Isborn, C. M., & Li, X. (2009). {Obtaining Hartree-Fock and density functional theory doubly excited states with Car-Parrinello density matrix search}. Journal of Chemical Physics, 131.

Abstract:

The calculation of doubly excited states is one of the major problems plaguing the modern day excited state workhorse methodology of linear response time dependent Hartree-Fock (TDHF) and density function theory (TDDFT). We have previously shown that the use of a resonantly tuned field within real-time TDHF and TDDFT is able to simultaneously excite both the alpha and beta electrons to achieve the two-electron excited states of minimal basis H(2) and HeH(+) [C. M. Isborn and X. Li, J. Chem. Phys. 129, 204107 (2008)]. We now extend this method to many electron systems with the use of our Car-Parrinello density matrix search (CP-DMS) with a first-principles fictitious mass method for wave function optimization [X. Li, C. L. Moss, W. Liang, and Y. Feng, J. Chem. Phys. 130, 234115 (2009)]. Real-time TDHF/TDDFT is used during the application of the laser field perturbation, driving the electron density toward the doubly excited state. The CP-DMS method then converges the density to the nearest stationary state. We present these stationary state doubly excited state energies and properties at the HF and DFT levels for H(2), HeH(+), lithium hydride, ethylene, and butadiene.